Reading Alloys, LLC, Terms & Conditions of Sale


I. PRICES. All prices are subject to change without notice in the event of any changes in cost of materials or labor, specifications, quantities, delivery schedules, customs duties, other factors beyond Seller’s control, or in the event of delays caused by instructions of the Buyer, or failure of the Buyer to give Seller adequate information. Further, prices payable by the Buyer shall be subject to immediate increase, should the Seller as a result of governmental action or regulation including, without limitation, those contemplated by an investigation under Section 232 of the Trade Expansion Act of 1962 (19 U.S.C. §1862), incur additional duties, tariffs or restrictions on products sold hereunder, or on the raw materials that are used in making such products. In no event shall prices include any amounts imposed on the Buyer in connection with Buyer’s purchases from Seller, such as taxes, including but not limited to Value Added Tax (VAT) or excise taxes, duties, tariffs, or any other costs assessed against the Buyer by a governmental authority.

II. TAXES. Any tax, excise, tariff, duty or other governmental charge imposed on the production, sale, use or transportation of, or value added to, the Products which Seller may be required to pay (other than income or gross receipts taxes of Seller) shall be paid by Buyer to Seller in addition to the purchase price for the Products. Buyer shall provide Seller, upon request, with completed exemption certificates for any tax from which Buyer claims exemption.

III. DELIVERY. Delivery dates are approximate and are dependent on prompt receipt by Seller of all necessary information. If a specific shipping date (excluding an estimated date) is not designated in the Order or in a subsequent writing signed by Seller, Seller shall not be responsible for any delays in filling the Order nor liable for any loss or damages resulting from such delays. Seller may deliver all or any part of Products as early as 30 days in advance of agreed schedule. The point of delivery shall be “Ex-works” Seller’s premises, unless otherwise specified by Seller. Upon delivery, title to Products and all risk of loss or damage thereto shall pass to Buyer. Where Buyer notifies Seller that it cannot take timely delivery of the Products, Seller may place such Products in storage, at the risk of Buyer, and Buyer shall reimburse Seller for all expenses incurred in connection with such storage. Buyer shall dispose of the packing materials for Products at its own expense, and shall defend, indemnify and hold harmless Seller from any legal obligations in connection with such packing waste. Seller’s weights when determined at shipping point shall govern and be considered accurate if within 1% of specified weights.


A. The term of payment shall be net 30 days from date of Seller’s invoice, unless otherwise specified. Payments shall be made by Buyer without any deduction or set-off. Unless otherwise agreed, payment shall be made in U.S. dollars. Seller may charge late payment fees at the rate of 1.5% per month, or the highest rate permitted by law, whichever is less, accruing daily. Buyer shall pay to Seller, on demand, all expenses, including reasonable legal fees, incurred by Seller in enforcing any of its rights to payment for the Products purchased by Buyer.

B. If the financial condition of Buyer is unsatisfactory to Seller, Seller may require full or partial payment in advance, or satisfactory security, in the form of a letter of credit or otherwise. In the event of bankruptcy or insolvency of Buyer, Seller may immediately cancel any Order then outstanding.

C. Buyer grants Seller a purchase money security interest in Products located in the United States, as well as any proceeds, for the purpose of securing the obligations of Buyer hereunder. Buyer authorizes Seller to execute on Buyer’s behalf and file such financing statements as Seller deems appropriate to perfect and notify Buyer’s creditors of Seller’s security interest.

V. VARIATIONS IN QUANTITY; CHANGES. Buyer shall accept delivery of quantities greater or smaller than the quantity specified in Order(s), provided that any such variation shall not exceed 10% of the quantity originally specified, or 2 units, whichever is greater. Seller shall not be required to give notice of any such variations other than in the applicable shipping notice and invoice. Seller reserves the option to make changes to Products which do not affect form, fit, or function, and shall deliver Products to the latest configuration part number at the time of delivery.


A. Buyer shall not make any disposition of the Products, by way of transshipment, re-export, diversion or otherwise, except as applicable U.S. export laws and regulations may expressly permit, and other than in and to the ultimate country of destination specified on Order(s) or declared as the country of ultimate destination on Seller’s invoices or in the End Use Statement that Buyer supplies Seller. Seller shall not be named as shipper or exporter of record or U.S. principal party-in-interest (USPPI) unless specifically agreed to in writing by Seller in which case, Buyer shall provide Seller with a copy of the documents filed by Buyer for Export clearance purposes. At Seller’s request, Buyer shall supply end-use and end-user information to determine export license applicability. Failure of Buyer to comply with this section shall constitute a material default allowing Seller to cancel related Order(s) without liability.

B. Buyer shall not violate or cause the Seller to violate the U.S. Foreign Corrupt Practices Act of 1977 (FCPA), as amended, the United Kingdom Bribery Act (UKBA) of 2010, as amended, or their respective implementing regulations in connection with Buyer’s sale or distribution of the Products, and that Buyer does not know or have reason to believe that any consultant, agent, representative or other person retained by Buyer in connection with the sale and/or distribution of Products has violated, nor caused Seller to violate the FPCA and/or the UKBA. Where Buyer learns of or has reason to know of any violation of FCPA and/or or UKBA in connection with the sale or distribution of Products, Buyer shall immediately advise Seller.

C. Buyer shall not violate or cause Seller to violate the U.S. Antiboycott Provisions of the U.S. Export Administration Regulations issued pursuant to the U.S. Export Administration Act of 1979, as amended, in connection with Buyer’s purchase of Products and that Buyer shall not request or require Seller to make statements or certifications against countries that are not subject to boycott by the U.S.


A. Seller warrants that Products manufactured by Seller, when delivered, shall be free from defects in material/workmanship. Seller’s obligations under this warranty shall be limited exclusively to replacing any part of Products which, if properly used and maintained, proved to have been defective in material or workmanship within 6 months from the date of shipment. Buyer shall notify Seller of any defect in the quality or condition of Products within 7 days of the date of delivery, unless the defect was not apparent on reasonable inspection, in which case, within 7 days after discovery of the defect. If Buyer does not provide such timely notification, it shall not be entitled to reject Products, and Seller shall have no liability for such defect. Buyer assumes all risks in accordance with Sellers quality management system.

B. Seller’s warranty obligations shall not apply to Products which (1) have been altered by someone other than Seller, (2) have been subjected to misuse, neglect, or improper use or application, (3) are normally consumed in operation, or (4) have a normal life inherently shorter than the warranty period stated therein.

C. No Products may be returned unless authorized in advance by Seller, and then only upon such conditions to which Seller may agree. Buyer must obtain a Return Material Authorization (RMA) number from Seller prior to any return shipment, and such RMA number must appear on the shipping label and packing slip. Buyer shall be responsible for returned Products until such time as Seller receives the same at its facility, and for all charges for packing, inspection, shipping, transportation or insurance associated with returned Products.

D. This Section VII sets forth the exclusive remedies and obligations for claims based upon defects in or nonconformity of Products, whether the claim is in contract, warranty, tort (including negligence of any degree or strict liability) or otherwise. THE FOREGOING WARRANTIES ARE IN LIEU OF ALL OTHER WARRANTIES, WHETHER ORAL, WRITTEN, EXPRESS, IMPLIED OR STATUTORY. NO IMPLIED OR STATUTORY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSE SHALL APPLY.

VIII. PATENTS/INDEMNITY. If Buyer receives a claim that Products, or part thereof manufactured by Seller infringes a patent, Buyer shall notify Seller promptly in writing and give Seller information, assistance and exclusive authority to evaluate, defend and settle such claim. Where Buyer has furnished specifications/designs for the manufacture of the allegedly- infringing Products, Buyer shall defend, indemnify and hold harmless Seller against third-party claims for infringement arising out of Seller’s use of such specifications/designs.

IX. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY. The total liability of Seller on any claim, whether in contract, tort (including negligence of any degree and strict liability) or otherwise arising out of, connected with, or resulting from the manufacture, sale, delivery, resale, repair, replacement or use of any Products shall not exceed the price allocable to the Products or part thereof which gives rise to the claim, regardless of whether Seller knew or should have known of the possibility of other damages. IN NO EVENT, WHETHER AS A RESULT OF BREACH OF CONTRACT, WARRANTY, TORT, (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OF ANY DEGREE, STRICT LIABILITY OR PATENT INFRINGEMENT) OR OTHERWISE, SHALL SELLER, ITS AFFILIATES, SUBCONTRACTORS OR SUPPLIERS BE LIABLE FOR ANY LOSS OF PROFIT OR REVENUES, RECALL EXPENSES, DIMINUTION IN VALUE, LOSS OF USE OF THE PRODUCTS OR ANY ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT, COST OF CAPITAL, COST OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS, FACILITIES, SERVICES OR REPLACEMENT POWER, DOWNTIME COSTS OR CLAIMS OF BUYER’S CUSTOMERS FOR DAMAGES OR FOR ANY SPECIAL, PROXIMATE, CONSEQUENTIAL, INCIDENTAL, INDIRECT, EXEMPLARY, PUNITIVE OR ENHANCED DAMAGES WHATSOEVER REGARDLESS OF (A) WHETHER SUCH DAMAGES WERE FORESEEABLE, AND/OR (B) WHETHER OR NOT SELLER WAS ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES. BUYER AND SELLER ACKNOWLEDGE AND AGREE THAT THE FOREGOING LIMITATIONS HAVE BEEN BARGAINED FOR AND REPRESENT A REASONABLE ALLOCATION OF RISK BASED ON THE ECONOMICS OF THEIR RELATIONSHIP. THEREFORE, THE FOREGOING LIMITATIONS SHALL APPLY NOTWITHSTANDING ANY FAILURE OF ESSENTIAL PURPOSE OF ANY LIMITED REMEDY. If Buyer transfers title to, or leases Products sold hereunder to, or otherwise permits or suffers use by, any third party, Buyer shall obtain from such third party a provision affording Seller and its subcontractors/suppliers the protection of the preceding sentence. Any action against Seller must be brought within 12 months after the cause of action accrues.

X. EXCUSABLE DELAYS. A. Seller shall not be liable for delays in delivery or failure to perform due directly or indirectly to causes beyond Seller’s reasonable control including but not limited to: acts of God; war; terrorism; civil commotion; riots; embargoes; government regulations, orders, instructions or priorities; port congestion; acts of or failure to act on the part of Buyer or its agents/employees; fires; floods; sabotage; nuclear incidents; earthquakes; storms; epidemics; strikes; lockouts or other labor difficulties; shortages of or inability to timely obtain proper labor, materials, components, shipping space or transportation, fuel, supplies or power at current prices; or due to limitations imposed by the extent of availability of Seller’s normal manufacturing facilities. B. If a delay excused per the above extends for more than 90 days and the parties have not agreed upon a revised basis for continuing providing Products at the end of the delay, including adjustment of the price, then either party (except where delay is caused by Buyer, in which event only Seller) upon thirty (30) days’ notice may terminate the Order with respect to the unexecuted portion of the Products, whereupon Buyer shall promptly pay Seller its reasonable termination charges upon submission of Seller’s invoices thereof.

XI. TECHNICAL/PROPRIETARY INFORMATION. A. The purchase of Products shall not include any right to supply of technical information such as drawings or specifications. B. Proprietary information, including drawings, documents, technical data, reports, software, designs, inventions and other technical information supplied by Seller in connection herewith (hereinafter called “Data”), shall remain Seller’s sole property and shall be held in confidence by Buyer. Data shall not be reproduced, used or disclosed to others by Buyer without Seller’s prior written consent. Upon completion of Order, Buyer shall promptly return all Data to Seller together with all copies or reprints thereof then in Buyer’s possession or control, and Buyer shall thereafter make no future use, either directly or indirectly, of any Data or any information derived therefrom without Seller’s prior written consent. The foregoing shall in no way obligate Seller to provide or supply Data.

XII. DIES, TOOLS, PATTERNS. Seller’s charges for dies, molds, patterns and the like represent the Buyer’s proportionate cost thereof, it being expressly understood that they remain the property of Seller. Modifications made to dies, molds, patterns and the like in order to manufacture Products shall be at the discretion of Seller.


A. The rights and obligations of the Buyer and Seller hereunder shall be governed in all respects by the laws of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, U.S.A., exclusive of its conflict of laws provisions. The exclusive forum for adjudication of any disputes shall be the federal or state courts in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, and Buyer/Seller hereby consent to personal jurisdiction and venue in such courts in any proceeding. The United Nations Convention on the International Sale of Goods shall not apply.

B. These Terms and Conditions of Sale together with any other terms specifically agreed to in writing by Seller constitute the entire agreement between Buyer and Seller and supersede any prior or contemporaneous representations, agreements, proposals, warranties, or understandings, oral or written, express or implied. No waiver, modification, amendment, rescission or other change to these Terms and Conditions of Sale shall be binding unless specifically agreed to in writing by an authorized representative of Seller.

C. The invalidity, of any part hereof shall not affect the validity of the remainder. The failure of Seller to assert any right at any time hereunder shall not prevent Seller’s subsequent assertion of the same or different rights.

D. Buyer may not assign this contract without the prior written approval of the Seller.

XIV. PROHIBITION FOR HAZARDOUS USE. Products sold hereunder are not intended for application in, and shall not be used by Buyer in construction or application of a nuclear installation or in connection with use or handling of nuclear material or for any hazardous activity or critical application, where failure of a single component could cause substantial harm to persons or property, unless Products have been specifically approved for such activity or application. Seller disclaims all liability for loss or damage resulting from such unauthorized use and Buyer shall defend, hold harmless and indemnify Seller against any such liability, whether arising under breach of contract, warranty, tort (regardless of the degree of fault or negligence), strict liability or otherwise. Where Seller approves the application of the Products in a nuclear facility, Buyer shall, before such use or provision, arrange for insurance or governmental indemnity protecting the Seller against liability and hereby releases and agrees to indemnify Seller and its suppliers for any nuclear damage, including loss of use, in any manner arising out of a nuclear incident, whether alleged to be due, in whole or in part to the negligence or otherwise of Seller or its suppliers.

XV. STATUTORY REQUIREMENTS. Seller reserves the right to make any changes in the general specifications of the Products which are required for the Products to conform to any statutory requirement.

XVI. GOVERNMENT CONTRACTS. Only Federal Acquisition Regulation (“FAR”) supplement clauses expressly accepted in writing by Seller shall be included or incorporated by reference herein. Seller shall not be bound by and makes no representation of compliance with any FAR or FAR supplement clauses that Seller shall not have expressly accepted in writing.

XVII. INVOICE FRAUD PREVENTION. Given the increased risk of invoice fraud, Buyer should treat any notification to change details of Seller’s bank account with suspicion. Seller will not inform or instruct Buyer to make remittance or money transfers to any other beneficiary, address or bank account via email. Always verify a request to update records or change bank account information BEFORE implementing a change or completing the payment. Verify any requested changes by speaking to a known Seller representative.

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